CanDo scales

The Can-Do scales you can find below are based on the ALTE Can-Do statements related to the levels C1 and C2,which form part of the Common European Framework of Reference (CEFR). If you wish, you may download an Excel template file for entering your data. In the first sheet, please enter each individual’s scores for each item on the questionnaire, where 1 = ‘I cannot do this’ and 5 = ‘I have no problems doing this’. Average scores for Speaking, Listening, Reading, Writing and Total will then be calculated in the second sheet, “CanDo Recoded”.

The following versions of the Scales  are available:

English (constructed by Merel Keijzer)

Reference: Keijzer, M. 2007. Last in first out? An investigation of the regression hypothesis in Dutch emigrants in Anglophone Canada. PhD dissertation, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

Dutch (constructed by Merel Keijzer)

Reference: Keijzer, M. 2007. Last in first out? An investigation of the regression hypothesis in Dutch emigrants in Anglophone Canada. PhD dissertation, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

German (constructed by Monika S. Schmid)

Reference: Schmid , M. S. (2007). The role of L1 use for L1 attrition. In B. Köpke, M. S. Schmid, M. Keijzer & S. Dostert (Eds), Language Attrition. Theoretical perspectives (pp. 135-153). Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.

Spanish (constructed by Teodora Mehotcheva)

Reference: Mehotcheva, T. 2010. After the Fiesta is over: Foreign language attrition of Spanish in Dutch and German Erasmus students. PdD dissertation, Universitat Pompeu Fabra.