Publications

Below are the manuscript versions of a number of recent papers on language attrition. Note that these files do not contain potential corrections and changes that were made at proof stage. If you want to cite any of these papers, please refer to the published version. Should you not have access to these from your institution’s library, please contact me.

Language attrition timeline - Annotated bibliography: This is a piece that I originally wrote as a Timeline for Language Teaching. The finished version had become far too long, and was cut substantially before going into print (in April 2016, in Vol. 49(2)). I decided to include it in full here in the hope that it may be useful to you.
Yılmaz, Gülsen & Monika S. Schmid (2018) First language attrition and bilingualism. In: Miller, D, Bayram, F, Rothman, J & Serratrice, L (eds) Bilingual Cognition and Language: The state of the science across its subfields.  (pp. 225-250). Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.
Schmid, Monika S. & Barbara Köpke (2017) The relevance of first language attrition to theories of bilingual development.  Epistemological keynote paper with commentaries, Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism. 7(6): 637-667.
Schmid, Monika S. & Barbara Köpke (2017) When is a bilingual an attriter? Response to the commentaries. Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism. 7(6): 763-770.
de Leeuw, Esther, Tusha, Aurela & Monika S. Schmid (2017) Phonological L1 attrition in Albanian-English late bilinguals.  Bilingualism: Language and Cognition.
Lahmann, Cornelia, Rasmus Steinkrauss & Monika S. Schmid (2017) Speed, breakdown, and repair: An investigation of fluency in long-term second-language speakers of English.  International Journal of Bilingualism  21(2): 228-242.
Timmermeister, Mona & Monika S. Schmid (2017) Zusammenhänge zwischen Attrition der L1 und L2-Erwerb.  In: Schimke, S & Hopp, H (eds) (eds) Sprachverarbeitung im Zweitspracherwerb.   (pp. 277-298). Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
Keijzer, Merel & Monika S. Schmid (2016) Individual differences in cognitive control advantages of elderly late Dutch-English bilinguals. Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism 6(1), 64-85.
Lahmann, Cornelia, Rasmus Steinkrauss & Monika S. Schmid (2016) Factors affecting grammatical and lexical complexity of long-term L2 speakers' oral proficiency. Language Learning 66(2), 354–385.
Bergmann, Christopher, Amber Nota & Monika S. Schmid (2016) L2 immersion causes non-native-like L1 pronunciation in German attriters. Journal of Phonetics 58, 71-86.
Seton, Bregtje & Monika S. Schmid (2016) Language attrition and multicompetence. In: Wei, Li & Cook, V (eds.),  The Cambridge Handbook of Linguistic Multicompetence Cambridge University Press, pp.338-354.
Steinkrauss, Rasmus & Monika S. Schmid (2016)  Entrenchment and language attrition. In: Schmid, H.-J. (ed.), Entrenchment and the psychology of language learning: How we reorganize and adapt linguistic knowldege.  (pp. 367-383). Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
Meulman, Nienke, Martijn Wieling, Simone A. Sprenger, Laurie A. Stowe & Monika S. Schmid (2015) Age effects in L2 grammar processing as revealed by ERPs and how (not) to study them.   PloS One, 10(12), e0143328.
Bergmann, Christopher, Nienke Meulman, Laurie A. Stowe, Simone A. Sprenger and Monika S. Schmid (2015) Prolonged L2 immersion engenders little change  in morphosyntactic processing of bilingual natives. Neuroreport 26: 1065-1070.
Yılmaz, Gülsen & Monika S. Schmid (2015) Second Language Development in a Migrant Context: Turkish community in the Netherlands. International Journal of the Sociology of Language 236: 101-132.
Bergmann, Christopher, Simone Sprenger & Monika S. Schmid (2015) The impact of language co-activation on L1 and L2 speech fluency. Acta Psychologica 161: 25-35. 236: 101-132.
Schmid, Monika S. (2014) The debate on maturational constraints in bilingual development: a perspective from first language attrition. Language acquisition 21(4), 386-410.
Schmid, Monika S. & Holger Hopp. (2014) Comparing foreign accent in L1 attrition and L2 acquisition: Range and rater effects. Language testing 31(3), 367–388.
Schmid, Monika S. & Scott Jarvis (2014) Lexical first language attrition. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition 17(4), 729-748.
Schmid, Monika S. (2013) First language attrition. Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism  3:1, 96-117.
Schmid, Monika S. (2013) First Language Attrition. WIRE's Cognitive Science 4:2, 117-123.
Hopp, Holger & Monika S. Schmid (2013) Perceived foreign accent in L1 attrition and L2 acquisition: the impact of age of acquisition and bilingualism. Applied Psycholinguistics 34:2, 361-394. Open Access publication, available here.
Schmid, Monika S., Barbar Köpke & Kees de Bot (2013) Language attrition as a complex, non-linear development. International Journal of Bilingualism 17:6 (Special issue Dynamics of first language attrition across the lifespan), 675-683.
Schmid, Monika S. (2012) The impact of age and exposure on forgetting and retention of the birth language in international adoptees: a perspective from Holocaust survivors. Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism 2:2, 177-208.
Schmid, Monika S. (2012) Language attrition and multilingualism, in Carol A. Chapelle (ed.), The Encyclopedia of Applied Linguistics. Oxford: Blackwell Wiley.
Schmid, Monika S.& Teodora H. Mehotcheva. (2012) Foreign language attrition. Dutch Journal of Applied Linguistics 1:1, 102-124.
Yilmaz, Gülsen & Monika S. Schmid (2012) L1 accessibility among Turkish-Dutch bilinguals. The Mental Lexicon 7:3, 249-274.
Schmid, Monika S. (2011) Treacherous Shibboleths: Language as an indicator of origin. University of Groningen, Faculty of Arts, Inaugural address.
Schmid, Monika S. (2011) Contact x time: External factors and variability in L1 attrition, in: Monika S. Schmid and Wander Lowie (eds.) Modeling Bilingualism: From structure to chaos. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins, pp. 155-176.
Köpke, Barbara & Monika S. Schmid. (2011) Aspects psycholinguistiques de l'attrition de la première langue. Language, Interaction and Acquisition 2:2, 197-220.
Schmid, Monika S. (2010) Languages at play: The relevance of L1 attrition to the study of bilingualism. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition  13:1, 1-7.
Schmid, Monika S. & Kristy Beers Fägersten. (2010) Fluency and language attrition. Language Learning 60:4, 753-791.
Schmid, Monika S. & Elise Dusseldorp. (2010) Quantitative analyses in a multivariate study of language attrition: The impact of extralinguistic factors. Language Research  26:1, 125-160.
Schmid, Monika S. & Merel Keijzer. (2009) First language attrition and reversion among older migrants. International Journal of the Sociology of Language 200, 83–101
Schmid, Monika S. & Barbara Köpke. (2008) L1 attrition and the mental lexicon, in: Aneta Pavlenko (ed.), The Bilingual Mental Lexicon. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters, pp. 209 – 238.
Schmid, Monika S. (2009) On L1 attrition and the linguistic system. EUROSLA Yearbook 9, 212-244.
Schmid, Monika S. (2007) The role of L1 use for L1 attrition. In Barbara Köpke, Monika S. Schmid, Merel. Keijzer & Susan. Dostert (eds), Language Attrition. Theoretical perspectives, pp. 135-153. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.
Schmid, Monika S. & Barbara Köpke (2007) Bilingualism and attrition. In Barbara Köpke, Monika S. Schmid, Merel. Keijzer & Susan. Dostert (eds), Language attrition: Theoretical perspectives (pp. 1-8). Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.
Schmid, Monika S. (2004) First language attrition: The methodology revised. International Journal of Bilingualism  8:3, 239-255.
Köpke, Barbara & Monika S. Schmid. (2004) First language attrition: The next phase. Monika S. Schmid, Barbara Köpke, Merel Keijzer, M. & Lina Weilemar (Eds.), First language attrition: Interdisciplinary perspectives on methodological issues. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, pp. 1-43.
Schmid, Monika S. (2003) The language attrition test battery: a research manual . Manuscript, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.
Note: this manuscript presents the test battery developed by the Graduate Network on Language Attrition, explaining some of the considerations underlying the choice and design of the tasks. A more comprehensive introduction to this test battery can be found in my 2011 book, Language Attrition (CUP).